The skin is our largest organ and protects us
from the elements, shields against injury, yet allows us to move, it also helps regulate
our internal temperature.
The skin is made up of two important parts
- the outer section - known as the epidermis and an underlying part called the dermis.
The epidermis consists of several layers of
cells. These cells are constantly dividing and moving up to the surface. They are made of
keratin. It takes up to 3 or 4 weeks for a cell in the lower part of the epidermis to
reach the top part of the skin.
The dermis is made up of bundles of protein
fibres called collagen and also elastic fibres. The sweat glands, hair follicles, blood
vessels and nerves are embedded in the dermis. The hairs pass through the epidermis to the
surface of the skin.
The colour of our skin is a result of the
production of the black pigment called melanin. In light skinned people, there is less
melanin produced. In darker skinned people, there is more of this substance made.
There are other factors contributing to the
colour of skin - blood vessels and the state of the blood within these vessels.
There are different types of skin types
usually categorised according to the level of oil production in the skin layers.
Is usually the result of increased activity
of the sebaceous glands, producing excess oils in the skin and clogging the pores. Excess
sweating and some drugs can aggravate the problem. You could also be lacking vitamin A or
zinc. This type of skin is characterised by a thick shiny coating on the visible layer of
the skin. You may also have blackheads, whiteheads and acne.
Eat more fresh fruit and vegetables,
garlic, eggs and fish, less refined, sugary foods and fatty foods. Try not to be overly
Always wash your face regularly.
This is the result of a lesser amount of
sebum oil being produced than normal. It could indicates a deficiency in B complex
vitamins and vitamin C. Eat more nuts, beans, wholegrain breads and cereals, peas, fresh
fruit and vegetables. And drink plenty of filtered water every day.
It is also a great idea to apply
moisturiser more often. Do not necessarily cleanse the skin excessively and avoid salt