What to look for
The earliest warning signs of testicular
cancer usually include:
a change in their size or shape.
swelling or thickening of the testicles.
a firm, smooth, painless, slow-growing
lump in a testicle.
a feeling of testicular heaviness.
Other symptoms of testicular cancer may
an abdominal mass or abdominal pain.
persistent coughing, possibly with
shortness of breath.
loss of weight or appetite
tenderness in the nipples or breast
very rarely, infertility.
The two testicles, or testes, are glands on
a man that produce his hormones and sperm. They hang behind a man's penis in the scrotum.
Although Testicular cancer is rare, it is the most common type of cancer in men between
the ages of 15 and 35.
Almost all testicular cancers begin in the
testicles themselves rather than spread there from another organ. Testicular cancer can
spread slowly or rapidly but can easily spread throughout the body to the lungs, the
liver, bones, and possibly the brain.
Fortunately, most cases of this type of
cancer are treatable, highly curable and are not fatal.
It is not known exactly what causes
testicular cancer. Some men who develop this type of cancer have been born with an
undescended testicle. Some researchers believe this type of cancer is hereditary. It is
said that men with fertility problems are more likely to develop benign testicular
tumours. There are other possible risk factors
It is a very good idea to go through the
process of self-examination at least once per month. If you do not know what to look for,
go to your doctor to have him explain to you how to examine yourself. If you do have
testicular cancer, the affected testicle will be removed and analysed to see what type of
cancer it is. There will also be examinations to see if the other testicle is affected.
Because it is required for diagnosis,
surgical removal of a testicle is unavoidable. If cancer is found, a second operation is
performed, and these two operations are often enough to cure limited testicular cancer.
Very severe cases are treated with chemotherapy as well. Nearly all testicular cancer
patients are cured, but they are urged to have frequent follow-up examinations.
(See Cancer for more information on
treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation.)
Although conventional medicine is highly
successful at curing testicular cancer, simply learning that you have cancer can be
emotionally traumatic and stressful. Many patients find counselling helpful.
Regular exercise is said to help prevent
testicular cancer. Other research suggests that correcting an undescended testicle
surgically before a boy turns 10 reduces the cancer risk.
Most important, however,
is regular testicle self-examination.
When to seek further